Definitions provided by:
Diabetes and the Endocrine System Glossary

Terms used to explain Thyroid Cancer can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Filter by Topic:

Ablate

ab*late
Pronunciation: \a-ˈblāt\


Function: transitive verb
ab*lat*ed
ab*lat*ing
: to remove or destroy esp. by cutting or abrading <ablate diseased tissue>

Asthenia

as*the*nia
Pronunciation: \as-ˈthē-nē-ə\


Function: noun
: lack or loss of strength : see: debility

Benign

be*nign
Pronunciation: \bi-ˈnīn\


Function: adjective

1: of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or life <benign malaria> <a benign tumor> compare malignant 1
2: having a good prognosis : responding favorably to treatment <a benign psychosis>

Biopsy

1bi*op*sy
Pronunciation: \ˈbī-ˌäp-sē\


Function: noun
pl -sies
: the removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body

Cancer

can*cer
Pronunciation: \ˈkan(t)-sər\


Function: noun

1: a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemically by metastasis
2: an abnormal state marked by a cancer

Chemotherapy

che*mo*ther*a*py
Pronunciation: \-ˈther-ə-pē\


Function: noun
pl -pies
: the use of chemical agents in the treatment or control of disease or mental disorder

Endocrine Gland

endocrine gland
Function: noun
: a gland (as the thyroid or the pituitary) that produces an endocrine secretion —called also ductless gland, gland of internal secretion

Lobectomy

lo*bec*to*my
Pronunciation: \lō-ˈbek-tə-mē\


Function: noun
pl -mies
: surgical removal of a lobe of an organ (as a lung) or gland (as the thyroid); specif: excision of a lobe of the lung compare lobotomy

Malignant

ma*lig*nant
Pronunciation: \mə-ˈlig-nənt\


Function: adjective

1: tending to produce death or deterioration <malignant malaria> ; esp: tending to infiltrate, metastasize, and terminate fatally <malignant tumors> compare benign 1
2: of unfavorable prognosis : not responding favorably to treatment <psychotic reactions with a malignant trend>

Radiation Therapy

radiation therapy
Function: noun
: see: radiotherapy

Thyroid Gland

thyroid gland
Function: noun
: see: thyroid 1

Thyroidectomy

thy*roid*ec*to*my
Pronunciation: \ˌthī-ˌroid-ˈek-tə-mē, -rəd-\


Function: noun
pl -mies
: surgical excision of thyroid gland tissue

Audio pronunciation for hear it again
Having trouble hearing a pronunciation?
Click here to listen with your default audio player.
© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Popular Diabetes Related Slide Show