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Injuries and Wounds Glossary

Terms used to explain Injuries and Wounds can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

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Antibiotic

an*ti*bi*ot*ic
Pronunciation: \-bī-ˈät-ik; -bē-\
Function: adjective
1: tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life
2: of or relating to antibiotics or to antibiosis

Cellulitis

cel*lu*li*tis
Pronunciation: \ˌsel-yə-ˈlīt-əs\


Function: noun
: diffuse and esp. subcutaneous inflammation of connective tissue

Contracture

con*trac*ture
Pronunciation: \kən-ˈtrak-chər\


Function: noun
: a permanent shortening (as of muscle, tendon, or scar tissue) producing deformity or distortion see dupuytren's contracture

Eschar

es*char
Pronunciation: \ˈes-ˌkär\


Function: noun
: a scab formed esp. after a burn

Excision

ex*ci*sion
Pronunciation: \ik-ˈsizh-ən\


Function: noun
: surgical removal or resection (as of a diseased part)

First-degree Burn

first–degree burn
Function: noun
: a mild burn characterized by heat, pain, and reddening of the burned surface but not exhibiting blistering or charring of tissues

Flush

1flush
Pronunciation: \ˈfləsh\


Function: noun
: a transitory sensation of extreme heat (as in response to some drugs or in some physiological states) <menopausal flush[1]es>

Hypothermia

hy*po*ther*mia
Pronunciation: \-ˈthər-mē-ə\


Function: noun
: subnormal temperature of the body <hypothermia, defined as temperature under 36.6°C Emergency Medicine>

Rupture

1rup*ture
Pronunciation: \ˈrəp-chər\


Function: noun

1: the tearing apart of a tissue <rupture[1] of heart muscle> <rupture[1] of an intervertebral disk>
2: see: hernia

SPF

SPF
Pronunciation: \ˌes-(ˌ)pē-ˈef\


Function: noun
: a number assigned to a sunscreen that is the factor by which the time required for unprotected skin to become sunburned is increased when the sunscreen is used —called also sun protection factor

Second-degree Burn

second–degree burn
Function: noun
: a burn marked by pain, blistering, and superficial destruction of dermis with edema and hyperemia of the tissues beneath the burn

Subcutaneous

sub*cu*ta*ne*ous
Pronunciation: \ˌsəb-kyu-ˈtā-nē-əs\


Function: adjective
: being, living, used, or made under the skin <subcutaneous parasites>

Sunburn

1sun*burn
Pronunciation: \-ˌbərn\


Function: transitive verb
sun*burned
Pronunciation: \-ˌbərnd\
or sun*burnt
Pronunciation: \-ˌbərnt\
sun*burn*ing
: to affect with sunburn <sunburn[1]ed skin>

Superficial

su*per*fi*cial
Pronunciation: \ˌsü-pər-ˈfish-əl\


Function: adjective

1: of, relating to, or located near the surface <superficial blood vessels>
2: lying on, not penetrating below, or affecting only the surface <superficial wounds>

Swan-Ganz Catheter

Swan–Ganz catheter
Pronunciation: \ˈswän-ˈganz-\

Function: noun
: a soft catheter with an expandable balloon tip that is used for measuring blood pressure in the pulmonary artery

Third-degree Burn

third–de*gree burn
Pronunciation: \ˈthərd-di-ˌgrē-ˈ\

Function: noun
: a severe burn characterized by destruction of the skin through the depth of the dermis and possibly into underlying tissues, loss of fluid, and sometimes shock

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