Xeljanz Approved for Rheumatoid Arthritis
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Xeljanz (tofacitinib) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) among people who can't tolerate, or haven't been helped by, the drug methotrexate.
RA is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the body. In the case of RA, this leads to swelling of the joints and nearby tissues. About 1.5 million Americans have RA, the FDA said in a news release.
A twice-daily pill, Xeljanz is designed to block molecules involved in joint inflammation, the FDA said.
The drug was evaluated in seven clinical studies of adults with moderate-to-severe RA. The drug carries a "black box" label warning of an increased risk of infection triggered by a suppressed immune system, and tuberculosis and certain cancers.
Other serious side effects could include increased cholesterol levels and liver enzyme problems, the FDA said. More common adverse reactions were upper respiratory tract infections, headaches, diarrhea and nasal inflammation.
Xeljanz is marketed by New York-based Pfizer Inc.
The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about rheumatoid arthritis.
-- Scott Roberts
Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
Top Features in Bones, Joints and Muscles
Popular Bones, Joints and Muscle Slide Shows
Quizzes on Bones, Joints and Muscles
Health News TodayFeed
- Painful Knee Arthritis May Be Linked to Premature Death03/27/2015
- Why Insulin Resistance May Be More Common in Men03/23/2015
- 'Ground Zero' Workers at Risk of Autoimmune Diseases: Study03/19/2015
- Gout's Silver Lining: A Lower Risk for Alzheimer's?03/05/2015
- Early Hospital Release May Hurt Broken-Hip Patients02/25/2015
- View More Bones, Joints and Muscles News