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Interstitial Cystitis Glossary

Terms used to explain IC can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Anesthetize

anes*the*tize
Function: transitive verb
1: to subject to anesthesia

Antibiotic

an*ti*bi*ot*ic
Pronunciation: \-bī-ˈät-ik; -bē-\
Function: adjective
1: tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life
2: of or relating to antibiotics or to antibiosis

Crohn's Disease

Pronunciation: \ˈkrōnz-\
Function: noun
1: chronic ileitis that typically involves the distal portion of the ileum, often spreads to the colon, and is characterized by diarrhea, cramping, and loss of appetite and weight with local abscesses and scarring —called also regional enteritis, regional ileitis

Cystoscopy

cys*tos*co*py
Pronunciation: \sis-ˈtäs-kə-pē\
Function: noun
1: the use of a cystoscope to examine the bladder

Dimethyl Sulfoxide

Function: noun
1: an anti-inflammatory agent (CH3)2SO used in the treatment of interstitial cystitis —called also DMSO

Endometriosis

en*do*me*tri*osis
Pronunciation: \ˌen-dō-ˌmē-trē-ˈō-səs\
Function: noun
1: the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility see adenomyosis

Fibromyalgia

fi*bro*my*al*gia
Pronunciation: \ˌfī-(ˌ)brō-ˌmī-ˈal-j(ē-)ə\
Function: noun
1: a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and associated connective tissue structures that is typically accompanied by fatigue, headache, and sleep disturbances —called also fibromyalgia syndrome, fibromyositis

Heparinoid

hep*a*rin*oid
Pronunciation: \-ˌnoid\
Function: noun
1: any of various sulfated polysaccharides that have anticoagulant activity resembling that of heparin

IBS

Function: abbreviation
irritable bowel syndrome

Interstitial Cystitis

Function: noun
1: a chronic idiopathic cystitis characterized by painful inflammation of the subepithelial connective tissue and often accompanied by Hunner's ulcer

Lupus

lu*pus
Pronunciation: \ˈlü-pəs\
Function: noun
1: any of several diseases (as lupus vulgaris or systemic lupus erythematosus) characterized by skin lesions

Motrin

Mo*trin
Pronunciation: \ˈmō-trən\
Function: trademark
1: used for a preparation of ibuprofen

Mylanta

My*lan*ta
Pronunciation: \mī-ˈlan-tə\
Function: trademark
1: used for an antacid and antiflatulent preparation of aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone

OAB

abbreviation: overactive bladder
Function: noun
1: an overactive bladder (OAB) causes the bladder muscle to contract (squeeze involuntarily). This causes an intense urge to urinate, known as urgency.

Pelvic

pel*vic
Pronunciation: \ˈpel-vik\
Function: adjective
1: of, relating to, or located in or near the pelvis <pelvic[1] organs> <pelvic[1] pain>

Pentosan

pen*to*san
Pronunciation: \ˈpent-ə-ˌsan\
Function: noun
1: any of various polysaccharides that yield only pentoses on hydrolysis and are widely distributed in plants

Prostatitis

pros*ta*ti*tis
Pronunciation: \ˌpräs-tə-ˈtīt-əs\
Function: noun
1: inflammation of the prostate gland

Runner's High

run*ner's high
Pronunciation: \ˈrən-ərz-\
Function: noun
1: a feeling of euphoria that is experienced by some individuals engaged in strenuous running and that is held to be associated with the release of endorphins by the brain

Tylenol

Ty*le*nol
Pronunciation: \ˈtī-lə-ˌnol\
Function: trademark
1: used for a preparation of acetaminophen

UTI

Pronunciation: \ˌyü-(ˌ)tē-ˈī\
Function: noun
1: a urinary tract infection

Urethra

ure*thra
Pronunciation: \yu-ˈrē-thrə\
Function: noun
1: the canal that in most mammals carries off the urine from the bladder and in the male serves also as a passageway for semen

Urinary Bladder

Function: noun
1: a distensible membranous sac that serves for the temporary retention of the urine, is situated in the pelvis in front of the rectum, receives the urine from the two ureters and discharges it at intervals into the urethra through an orifice closed by a sphincter, is lined with transitional hypoblastic epithelium, and develops from the proximal part of the allantois of the embryo

Void

Pronunciation: \ˈvoid\
Function: transitive verb
1: to discharge or emit <void urine> intransitive verb: to eliminate solid or liquid waste from the body <frequent voiding>

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© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Reference: Kidneys and the Urinary System section on Better Medicine


Did You Know?

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Interstitial cystitis affects as many as 8 million U.S. women.