Who Do You See for Treatment?

Content provided by the Faculty of the Harvard Medical School

To get help for incontinence, your primary care physician is a good place to start. But not all physicians have the necessary interest or experience. If your doctor seems unable to help, keep looking. There are several kinds of health professionals and several types of clinics that work with people with these conditions.


These are gynecologists who have taken additional training in problems affecting a woman's bladder and pelvis — including urinary and fecal incontinence or prolapse. Check your state's listing on the American Urogynecologic Society Web site. The specialty is also known as Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery.


These medical doctors treat the urinary systems of both men and women as well as the male reproductive organs. The American Urological Association Web site has a physician locator.

Gastroenterologists and Colorectal Surgeons

These doctors have training in treating conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, including fecal incontinence. If you have diarrhea or digestive symptoms in addition to incontinence, start with a gastroenterologist, particularly if there is no known childbirth injury or other trauma to the sphincter. Several organizations offer physician locators.

Again, keep in mind that not all gastroenterologists have given this problem much attention. In an editorial in the journal Gastroenterology, one prominent physician chastised his colleagues for neglecting fecal incontinence.

A colorectal surgeon should be prepared to offer you a range of surgical and nonsurgical options for treatment. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons has a directory of members.

Anorectal physiology labs

Run by clinicians and equipped to evaluate fecal incontinence, these facilities are often located in hospital departments specializing in motility disorders or functional bowel disorders (most likely gastroenterology, surgery, or urogynecology departments) as well as in some private practices.

Pelvic Floor Disorders Centers

Some hospitals have developed clinics to provide one-stop shopping for the evaluation and treatment of many pelvic floor disorders, including urinary and fecal incontinence. These clinics may combine the expertise of many specialists, including urogynecologists, colorectal surgeons, urologists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, physiatrists (physicians who deal with muscle and skeletal problems and rehabilitation), and physical therapists.

Biofeedback Professionals

Health professionals who practice this technique include nurses and physical or occupational therapists. Look for someone with experience in bowel or bladder training. Start by asking the physician treating your incontinence, or contact the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America.

Pelvic floor physical therapists.

If you need help learning to strengthen and control your pelvic floor muscles and to use other behavioral strategies to maintain continence, a growing number of physical therapists specialize in this area and have undergone advanced training to earn a Certificate of Achievement of Pelvic Physical Therapy. Ask your physician for a referral, or contact the American Physical Therapy Association.

Nurse Specialists

If you are having skin problems related to incontinence or if you have not been able to find acceptable ways to manage your incontinence, a specialist in continence or ostomy nursing can offer practical advice. Contact the Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nurses Society.

Last Annual Review Date: 2011-08-20 Copyright: © Harvard Health Publications

Reference: Overactive Bladder section on Better Medicine

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