Diabetes: Exams and Tests
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Spotlight on Type 2 Diabetes
For your diabetes care, you may see your primary care provider or a specialist
Tests and Immunizations
These should be done at least as often as stated below:
Blood pressure check: every doctor visit
A1C: at first, every
Cholesterol and blood lipid tests: at least every
Urine tests for kidney function: every
Flu shots: once a year
Pneumonia shots: at least once, then as needed
Vaccinations: keep them up to date
- Other tests: as recommended by your doctor
The following exams help keep you healthy.
Foot exams. Nerve and blood vessel problems can affect your feet sooner than other parts of your body. Make sure that your healthcare provider checks your feet at every office visit.
Eye exams. You can have problems with your eyes even if you don’t have trouble seeing. An ophthalmologist (eye doctor) will give you a dilated eye exam at least once a year. If you see dark spots, see poorly in dim light, have eye pain or pressure, or notice any other problems, tell your healthcare provider right away.
- Dental exams. Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) and other mouth problems are common in people with diabetes. To help prevent these problems, see your dentist at least once a year.
Ask your healthcare provider what other exams you’ll need on a regular basis.
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