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Anemia Glossary

Terms used to explain Anemia can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.


Function: noun
: an abnormal person


Function: adjective

1: arising in response to the action of the environment on the organism (as in the use or disuse of an organ) <acquired characteristics> compare genetic 2 hereditary
2: developed after birth <acquired heart murmurs> compare congenital 2 familial hereditary


Pronunciation: \ə-ˈkyüt\

Function: adjective

1: sensing or perceiving accurately, clearly, effectively, or sensitively <acute vision>
2 a: characterized by sharpness or severity <acute pain> <an acute infection>
b (1): having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course <an acute disease> <an acute inflammation> compare chronic 2a
(2): see: acute care<an acute hospital>
c: lasting a short time <acute experiments>

Aplastic Anemia

aplastic anemia
Function: noun
: anemia that is characterized by defective function of the blood-forming organs (as the bone marrow) and is caused by toxic agents (as chemicals or X-rays) or is idiopathic in origin —called also hypoplastic anemia


Pronunciation: \ˈas-p(ə-)rən\

Function: noun
pl aspirin
or aspirins

1: a white crystalline derivative C9H8O4 of salicylic acid used for relief of pain and fever
2: a tablet of aspirin

Blood Count

blood count
Function: noun
: the determination of the blood cells in a definite volume of blood; also: the number of cells so determined see complete blood count differential blood count


Function: abbreviation
complete blood count


Function: abbreviation
cardiovascular disease


Pronunciation: \ˈkrän-ik\

Function: adjective

1 a: marked by long duration, by frequent recurrence over a long time, and often by slowly progressing seriousness : not acute <chronic[1] indigestion> <her hallucinations became chronic[1]>
b: suffering from a disease or ailment of long duration or frequent recurrence <a chronic[1] arthritic> <chronic[1] sufferers from asthma>
2 a: having a slow progressive course of indefinite duration used esp. of degenerative invasive diseases, some infections, psychoses, and inflammations <chronic[1] heart disease> <chronic[1] arthritis> <chronic[1] tuberculosis> compare acute 2b(1)
b: infected with a disease-causing agent (as a virus) and remaining infectious over a long period of time but not necessarily expressing symptoms <chronic[1] carriers may remain healthy but still transmit the virus causing hepatitis B>


Function: symbol


Pronunciation: \ˌī-byu-ˈprō-fən\

Function: noun
: a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug C13H18O2 used in over-the-counter preparations to relieve pain and fever and in prescription strength esp. to relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative arthritis see advil motrin

Iron-deficiency Anemia

iron–deficiency anemia
Function: noun
: anemia that is caused by a deficiency of iron and characterized by hypochromic microcytic red blood cells

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© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

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