Bladder Cancer Facts

Bladder cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal, cancerous cells form in the bladder. Learn More ›

What Are the Symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

Early attention to symptoms is the best way to find and treat bladder cancer. The earlier bladder cancer is found, the easier it is to treat--and the better your chance of being cured.

Symptoms of bladder cancer can also be caused by other, less serious problems. To find out the cause of these symptoms, your doctor will do a series of tests, ask about your exposure to risk factors, and do a complete medical history.

These are some of the main symptoms of bladder cancer.

Blood in the urine. Blood is often the first sign of bladder cancer. The color of urine may be pink or deep red, depending on the amount of blood. There may be so little blood in the urine that it can only be seen by looking at the urine under a microscope. In this case, the problem is usually found during a routine checkup with your doctor.

Learn more about the symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Treatment: What to Know About Your Choices

Bladder cancer can be treated. The recommendations for your treatment depend on each of these factors.

  • Type of bladder cancer you have

  • Size and location of the tumor

  • Your age and general health

  • Whether the cancer has spread to other parts of your body

You have to decide on a treatment plan once you know the type and stage of bladder cancer you have. This section will help you understand your treatment options and what’s best for you. Talking about your treatment choices will be one of the most important meetings you’ll have with your doctor.

It may take time to choose the best plan. Ask your doctor how much time you can take to explore your options. You may want to get an opinion from another doctor before deciding on treatments. You may want to talk with your family and friends.

Learn more about treating Bladder Cancer

Living with: Am I At Risk for Bladder Cancer?

There's no way to know for sure if you're going to get bladder cancer. Certain factors can make one person more likely to get bladder cancer than another person. These are called risk factors. However, just because you have one or more risk factors does not mean that you will get bladder cancer. In fact, you can have all the risk factors and not get bladder cancer. Or you can have no risk factors and still get it.

If you agree with any of the following bolded statements, you have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer. Each time you agree with the statement, ask yourself if you are doing all you can to control that particular risk factor. It may seem difficult, but your efforts can have big benefits for your health and quality of life. Ask your doctors and your loved ones to help you think of ways that you can lower your risk for bladder cancer. Some risk factors are out of your control, such as your age and race. Others, such as smoking and exposure to certain chemicals, are factors you can control.

Learn more about Bladder Cancer

Your Guide to Bladder Cancer

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