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Cholesterol Glossary

Terms used to explain Cholesterol can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.


Pronunciation: \an-ˈjī-nə, ˈan-jə-\

Function: noun
: a disease marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain: as
a: a severe inflammatory or ulcerated condition of the mouth or throat <diphtheritic angina> see ludwig's angina vincent's angina
b: see: angina pectoris


Pronunciation: \ˌant-ē-ˈäk-səd-ənt, ˌan-ˌtī-\

Function: noun
: any of various substances (as beta-carotene, vitamin C, and alpha-tocopherol) that inhibit oxidation or reactions promoted by oxygen and peroxides and that include many held to protect the living body from the deleterious effects of free radicals


Pronunciation: \-ˈvas-kyə-lər\

Function: adjective

1: of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels <cardiovascular[1] disease>
2: used, designed, or performed to cause a temporary increase in heart rate (as to improve heart function and reduce the risk of heart disease) <a cardiovascular[1] workout> <treadmills, stationary bicycles, and other cardiovascular[1] equipment>


Pronunciation: \ˌkī-lō-ˈmī-ˌkrän\

Function: noun
1: a lipoprotein rich in triglyceride and common in the blood during fat digestion and assimilation

Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease
Function: noun
: a condition and esp. one caused by atherosclerosis that reduces the blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle and typically results in chest pain or heart damage —called also coronary disease, coronary heart disease


Pronunciation: \ˈāch-ˈdē-ˈel\
Function: noun
1: a lipoprotein of blood plasma that is composed of a high proportion of protein with little triglyceride and cholesterol and that is associated with decreased probability of developing atherosclerosis —called also alpha-lipoprotein, good cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein

Heart Attack

heart attack
Function: noun
: an acute episode of heart disease marked by the death or damage of heart muscle due to insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle usu. as a result of a coronary thrombosis or a coronary occlusion and that is characterized esp. by chest pain —called also myocardial infarction, compare angina pectoris coronary insufficiency heart failure 1


Function: noun
1: the presence of excess fat or lipids in the blood


Pronunciation: \ˈel-ˈdē-ˈel\

Function: noun
1: a lipoprotein of blood plasma that is composed of a moderate proportion of protein with little triglyceride and a high proportion of cholesterol and that is associated with increased probability of developing atherosclerosis —called also bad cholesterol, beta-lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, compare hdl vldl


Pronunciation: \-ˈprō-ˌtēn, -ˈprōt-ē-ən\

Function: noun
1: any of a large class of conjugated proteins composed of a complex of protein and lipid see hdl ldl vldl

Metabolic Syndrome

Function: noun
1: a syndrome marked by the presence of usu. three or more of a group of factors (as high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, high triglyceride levels, low HDL levels, and high fasting levels of blood sugar) that are linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes —called also insulin resistance syndrome, syndrome X


Pronunciation: \ˌäk-sə-ˈdā-shən\

Function: noun

1: the act or process of oxidizing
2: the state or result of being oxidized


Pronunciation: \ˌpäl-ē-ˌən-ˈsach-ə-ˌrāt-əd\

Function: adjective
of an oil, fat, or fatty acid
: having in each molecule many chemical bonds in which two or three pairs of electrons are shared by two atoms compare monounsaturated


Pronunciation: \ˈstrōk\

Function: noun
1: sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion caused by rupture or obstruction (as by a clot) of a blood vessel of the brain —called also apoplexy, brain attack, cerebral accident, cerebrovascular accident

Trans Fat

trans fat
Function: noun
: a fat containing trans-fatty acids


Pronunciation: \(ˈ)trī-ˈglis-ə-ˌrīd\

Function: noun
: any of a group of lipids that are esters formed from one molecule of glycerol and three molecules of one or more fatty acids, are widespread in adipose tissue, and commonly circulate in the blood in the form of lipoproteins —called also neutral fat

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© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

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Although people have sworn by garlic's medicinal benefits, new research puts to rest the notion that the herb can reduce LDL ("bad") cholesterol levels. A large clinical trial published in a 2007 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine found no evidence that garlic worked to lower cholesterol. The study looked at both fresh garlic and garlic supplements.