Endometrial Cancer Facts

Endometrial (uterine) cancer occurs when abnormal, cancerous cells form in the uterus. The uterus, also called the womb, is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman’s lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum. Learn more about endometrial cancer ›

Symptoms: Bleeding After Sex

  • Abnormal growths (such as polyps or fibroids) on the cervix or in the uterus

  • Abnormal cells of the cervix (possibly precancerous cells)

  • Infection or inflammation of the vagina, uterus or cervix

  • Malignancy (cancer)

  • Trauma to the vagina or cervix

  • Difficulty getting pregnant or infertility

  • Fever

  • Lower back pain

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Painful bowel movements

  • Painful sexual intercourse

  • Pelvic or abdominal pain or cramps

  • Symptoms of menopause (cessation of menstrual periods, loss of sexual desire, vaginal dryness)

  • Unusual vaginal discharge

  • Dizziness

  • High fever (higher than 101 degrees)

  • Severe pelvic or abdominal pain

  • Severe or heavy vaginal bleeding

  • Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy

Learn more about the symptoms of Endometrial Cancer

Types of Treatment for Uterine Cancer

Treatment for uterine cancer is either local or systemic. Local treatments remove, destroy, or control cancer cells in a certain area. Surgery and radiation are local treatments.

Systemic treatments destroy or control cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy are systemic treatments.

You may have just one treatment. Or you may have a combination of treatments. The general types of treatment for endometrial cancer and uterine cancer are the same. Their goals, order, and intensity may change based on the specific type and stage of cancer you have.

Surgery and radiation therapy are two local treatments for uterine cancer. They work to either remove or eradicate the tumor from the uterus:

Learn more about treating Endometrial Cancer

Living with: Endometrial Cancer

There is really no way to know for sure if you’re going to get endometrial cancer. Certain factors can make you more likely to get this cancer than another woman. These are your risk factors. However, just because you have one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean you will get endometrial cancer. In fact, you can have all the risk factors and still not get it. Or you can have no known risk factors and still get it.

Most of the risks linked to endometrial cancer come from too much exposure to the hormone estrogen. Estrogen and progesterone are the two main types of female hormones. The balance between these two hormones in your uterus changes every month during your menstrual cycle. These two hormones need to be in the right balance for your uterus to be healthy.

Learn more about living with Endometrial Cancer

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