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Gout Glossary

Terms used to explain Gout can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.


Pronunciation: \är-ˈthrīt-əs\

Function: noun
pl -thrit*i*des
Pronunciation: \-ˈthrit-ə-ˌdēz\
: inflammation of joints due to infectious, metabolic, or constitutional causes; also: a specific arthritic condition (as gouty arthritis or psoriatic arthritis)


Pronunciation: \ˈkäl-chə-ˌsēn, ˈkäl-kə-\

Function: noun
: a poisonous alkaloid C22H25NO6 that inhibits mitosis, is extracted from the corms or seeds of the autumn crocus, and is used in the treatment of gout and acute attacks of gouty arthritis


Pronunciation: \ˌkort-i-kō-ˈsti(ə)r-ˌoid also -ˈste(ə)r-\

Function: noun
: any of various adrenal-cortex steroids (as corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone) that are divided on the basis of their major biological activity into glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids


Pronunciation: \ˌdī-(y)ə-ˈret-ik\

Function: adjective
: tending to increase the excretion of urine

Hemolytic Anemia

hemolytic anemia
Function: noun
: anemia caused by excessive destruction (as in chemical poisoning, infection, or sickle-cell anemia) of red blood cells


Function: noun
: excess uric acid in the blood (as in gout) —called also uricacidemia, uricemia


Pronunciation: \-ˌiz-əm\

Function: noun
: deficient activity of the thyroid gland; also: a resultant bodily condition characterized by lowered metabolic rate and general loss of vigor


Pronunciation: \ˌī-byu-ˈprō-fən\

Function: noun
: a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug C13H18O2 used in over-the-counter preparations to relieve pain and fever and in prescription strength esp. to relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative arthritis see advil motrin


Pronunciation: \pə-ˈdag-rə\

Function: noun

1: see: gout
2: a painful condition of the big toe caused by gout


Pronunciation: \-ˈgaut\

Function: noun
: an arthritic condition which resembles gout but is characterized by the deposition of crystalline salts other than urates in and around the joints


Pronunciation: \sə-ˈrī-ə-səs\

Function: noun
pl -a*ses
Pronunciation: \-ˌsēz\

: a chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered with white scales

Learn more: What is Psoriasis?

Pronunciation: \ˈpyu(ə)r-ˌēn\

Function: noun

1: a crystalline base C5H4N4 that is the parent of compounds of the uric-acid group
2: a derivative of purine; esp: a base (as adenine or guanine) that is a constituent of DNA or RNA


Pronunciation: \ˈtō-fəs\

Function: noun
pl to*phi
Pronunciation: \ˈtō-ˌfī, -ˌfē\
: a deposit of urates in tissues (as cartilage) characteristic of gout


Pronunciation: \ˈyu(ə)r-ˌāt\

Function: noun
: a salt of uric acid <deposits of urates in the joints>

Uric Acid

uric acid
Function: noun
: a white odorless nearly insoluble weak acid C5H4N4O3 that is present in small quantity in mammalian urine as an end product of purine metabolism, is present abundantly in the form of urates in the excreta of most lower vertebrates and invertebrates as the chief nitrogenous waste, and occurs pathologically in renal calculi and the tophi of gout

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© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Did You Know?

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Gout – a painful type of arthritis – often first takes aim at the big toe. It also attacks other parts of the body, including fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, and heels, causing stiff and swollen joints.