Heart disease is a killer, but you can do plenty to reduce your risk and prolong your life. Research shows that making lifestyle changes can decrease your risk of cardiovascular heart disease.

Adopting heart-healthy habits over the next 12 weeks will start you on the road to better health and a longer life.

Twelve-week plan

  • Week 1: Commit to get fit. The American Heart Association reports that up to 250,000 deaths each year result from a lack of regular physical activity. Try to start exercising three times a week. Be sure to check with your doctor first if you haven't been exercising regularly.

  • Week 2: Stop smoking. You can have the most positive impact on your heart health by quitting smoking. It's also one of the hardest changes to make, so sign up for a reputable smoking-cessation program. If you don't smoke, make an effort to avoid secondhand smoke; chronic exposure can increase your risk for heart disease.

  • Week 3: Reduce your fat intake. Fat is the most concentrated form of energy and calories, so reducing your intake of it helps you lose weight and reduces your risk for heart disease and some forms of cancer.

  • Week 4: Limit saturated fat. Decreasing the amount of saturated fat in your diet is one of the best ways to lower your cholesterol. Saturated fats are a main contributor to heart disease. These fats usually become solid at room temperature and are found mostly in butter, lard and animal fats.

  • Week 5: Reduce your cholesterol. This week, try to reduce your daily cholesterol intake to less than 300 mg. All animal products contain cholesterol, but opt for fish and skinless chicken instead of fatty cuts of red meat. They contain much less cholesterol.

  • Week 6: Reduce your salt intake. The average American consumes between 4,000 mg and 6,000 mg of sodium per day. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's 2005 dietary guidelines recommend no more than 2300 mg of sodium a day. Removing the saltshaker from your table and eating fewer processed foods can help.

  • Week 7: Increase your dietary fiber. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain dietary fiber. Gradually work up to 25 to 30 grams per day. Increase your fluid intake to avoid constipation. High-fiber foods help keep cholesterol in check.

  • Week 8: De-stress. Stress increases your risk for heart disease and accelerates its progression. People who are chronically angry or stressed have higher rises in blood pressure than people who aren't. This constant flux can damage the heart. Be aware of stress and find ways to control it.

  • Week 9: Become a savvy grocery shopper. Most foods include important nutrition information on their labels. Paying attention to these figures will help ensure you eat healthfully.

  • Week 10: Find a new activity. This week, try a new sport or activity you enjoy. You might enjoy water-walking, circuit training, in-line skating or slide aerobics.

  • Week 11: Know what's on the menu. When you eat out, try to eat as well as you do at home. Ask your server how food is prepared. Avoid cream sauces, cheese sauces and fried foods. Opt for broiled, steamed or stir-fried dishes.

  • Week 12: Eat breakfast every day. Everyone needs energy first thing in the morning, yet many people skip breakfast. Plan ahead and have nutritious foods ready to go.

Medical Reviewer: [Akin, Louise RN BSN, Brown, Carolyn RN, MN, CCRN, CNS, Godsey, Cynthia M.S., M.S.N., APRN, Joanne Foody, MD, FACC, FAHA, Lambert, J.G. M.D., Ratini, Melinda DO, MS] Last Annual Review Date: 2010-01-19T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright: Copyright Health Ink & Vitality Communications

Your Guide to Heart Disease


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