Definitions provided by:
Hip Replacement Surgery Glossary

Terms used to explain Hip Replacement Surgery can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Acetabulum

ac*e*tab*u*lum
Pronunciation: \-ˈtab-yə-ləm\


Function: noun
pl -lums
or -la
Pronunciation: \-lə\

1: the cup-shaped socket in the hip bone
2: a sucker of an invertebrate (as a trematode or leech)

Arthritis

ar*thri*tis
Pronunciation: \är-ˈthrīt-əs\


Function: noun
pl -thrit*i*des
Pronunciation: \-ˈthrit-ə-ˌdēz\
: inflammation of joints due to infectious, metabolic, or constitutional causes; also: a specific arthritic condition (as gouty arthritis or psoriatic arthritis)

Aseptic

asep*tic
Pronunciation: \-ˈsep-tik\


Function: adjective

1: preventing infection <aseptic techniques>
2: free or freed from pathogenic microorganisms <an aseptic operating room>

Cartilage

car*ti*lage
Pronunciation: \ˈkärt-əl-ij, ˈkärt-lij\


Function: noun

1: a usu. translucent somewhat elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of vertebrate embryos and except for a small number of structures (as some joints, respiratory passages, and the external ear) is replaced by bone during ossification in the higher vertebrates
2: a part or structure composed of cartilage

Chronic

1chron*ic
Pronunciation: \ˈkrän-ik\


Function: adjective

1 a: marked by long duration, by frequent recurrence over a long time, and often by slowly progressing seriousness : not acute <chronic[1] indigestion> <her hallucinations became chronic[1]>
b: suffering from a disease or ailment of long duration or frequent recurrence <a chronic[1] arthritic> <chronic[1] sufferers from asthma>
2 a: having a slow progressive course of indefinite duration used esp. of degenerative invasive diseases, some infections, psychoses, and inflammations <chronic[1] heart disease> <chronic[1] arthritis> <chronic[1] tuberculosis> compare acute 2b(1)
b: infected with a disease-causing agent (as a virus) and remaining infectious over a long period of time but not necessarily expressing symptoms <chronic[1] carriers may remain healthy but still transmit the virus causing hepatitis B>

Degenerative Arthritis

degenerative arthritis
Function: noun
: see: osteoarthritis

Hip Joint

hip joint
Function: noun
: the ball-and-socket joint comprising the articulation between the femur and the hip bone

Physical Therapy

physical therapy
Function: noun
: the treatment of disease by physical and mechanical means (as massage, regulated exercise, water, light, heat, and electricity) —called also physiotherapy

Prosthesis

pros*the*sis
Pronunciation: \präs-ˈthē-səs, ˈpräs-thə-\


Function: noun
pl -the*ses
Pronunciation: \-ˌsēz\
: an artificial device to replace or augment a missing or impaired part of the body <a dental prosthesis> <silicone breast and limb prostheses>

Rongeur

1ron*geur
Pronunciation: \rōn-ˈzhər\


Function: noun
: a heavy-duty forceps for removing small pieces of bone or tough tissue

Sciatic Nerve

sciatic nerve
Function: noun
: either of the pair of largest nerves in the body that arise one on each side from the sacral plexus and that pass out of the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen and down the back of the thigh to its lower third where division into the tibial and common peroneal nerves occurs

Subcutaneous

sub*cu*ta*ne*ous
Pronunciation: \ˌsəb-kyu-ˈtā-nē-əs\


Function: adjective
: being, living, used, or made under the skin <subcutaneous parasites>

Audio pronunciation for hear it again
Having trouble hearing a pronunciation?
Click here to listen with your default audio player.
© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Take a Personalized Health Test

Personal Story Network

A place where patients, healthcare providers, caregivers, and innovators share their personal stories about healing, and hope within the healthcare system and beyond.