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Kidney Cancer Glossary

Terms used to explain Kidney Cancer can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Biopsy

2biopsy
Function: transitive verb
-sied
-sy*ing
: to perform a biopsy on <the intestinal polyps were removed and biopsied>

Chemotherapy

che*mo*ther*a*py
Pronunciation: \-ˈther-ə-pē\


Function: noun
pl -pies
: the use of chemical agents in the treatment or control of disease or mental disorder

Kidney

kid*ney
Pronunciation: \ˈkid-nē\


Function: noun
pl kidneys

1: one of a pair of vertebrate organs situated in the body cavity near the spinal column that excrete waste products of metabolism, in humans are bean-shaped organs about 41/2 inches (111/2 centimeters) long lying behind the peritoneum in a mass of fatty tissue, and consist chiefly of nephrons by which urine is secreted, collected, and discharged into the pelvis of the kidney whence it is conveyed by the ureter to the bladder compare mesonephros metanephros pronephros
2: any of various excretory organs of invertebrate animals

Nephrectomy

ne*phrec*to*my
Pronunciation: \ni-ˈfrek-tə-mē\


Function: noun
pl -mies
: the surgical removal of a kidney

Oncology

on*col*o*gy
Pronunciation: \än-ˈkäl-ə-jē, äŋ-\


Function: noun
pl -gies
: the study of tumors

Pathology

pa*thol*o*gy
Pronunciation: \-jē\


Function: noun
pl -gies

1: the study of the essential nature of diseases and esp. of the structural and functional changes produced by them
2: the anatomic and physiological deviations from the normal that constitute disease or characterize a particular disease
3: a treatise on or compilation of abnormalities <a new pathology of the eye>

Radiation Therapy

radiation therapy
Function: noun
: see: radiotherapy

Renal

re*nal
Pronunciation: \ˈrēn-əl\


Function: adjective
: relating to, involving, affecting, or located in the region of the kidneys : see: nephric<renal function>

Urology

urol*o*gy
Pronunciation: \-jē\


Function: noun
pl -gies
: a branch of medicine dealing with the urinary or urogenital organs

Von Hippel-Lindau Disease

von Hip*pel–Lin*dau disease
Pronunciation: \vän-ˈhip-əl-ˈlin-ˌdau-\

Function: noun
: a rare genetically determined disease that is characterized by angiomatosis of the retina and cerebellum and often by cysts or tumors of the liver, pancreas, and kidneys —called also Lindau's disease

Wilms' Tumor

Wilms' tumor
Function: noun
: a malignant tumor of the kidney that primarily affects children and is made up of embryonic elements —called also nephroblastoma

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