How Does My Doctor Know I Have Kidney Cancer?

Symptoms of kidney cancer can also be caused by conditions other than cancers. To help rule out these other problems, your doctor will evaluate your medical history, perform a physical exam, and order blood and imaging tests.

Learn more about diagnosing kidney cancer

Understanding Your Type of Kidney Cancer

The kidney is made up of many layers of cells and cancer can affect any one or all of these layers. A pathologist identifies these types by looking at the cancer cells under a microscope.

Learn more about understanding the different types of kidney cancer

Tests You May Need After You Know You Have Kidney Cancer

Once your doctor knows you have kidney cancer, he or she may request other tests to learn more about your specific type of cancer and to see whether or not it has spread.

Read more about the tests needed after a kidney cancer diagnosis

Understanding Your Grade and Stage of Kidney Cancer

Your treatment plan and prognosis depend on the stage and grade of your kidney cancer and other factors, such as your age and general health. The stage reflects the size of the tumor, while the grade describes how the cells look under the microscope.

Read More About Your Grade and Stage of Kidney Cancer