There is no sure way to know if you’re going to get lung cancer. Certain factors can make you more likely to get lung cancer than another person. These are called risk factors. However, just because you have one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean you will get lung cancer. In fact, you can have many risk factors and still not get lung cancer. Or you can have no known risk factors and still get the disease.
Doctors estimate that about 85 to 90 percent of lung cancer deaths are related to smoking. So not smoking, or stopping if you do smoke, is the best way to protect yourself from lung cancer.
Even if you aren’t a smoker, studies show that being around smoke increases your risk for lung cancer. It is a good idea to avoid exposure to smoke. Still, a small percentage of people who get lung cancer have never smoked or been around secondhand smoke. So, not all lung cancer patients were smokers. And not all smokers get lung cancer.
Look at the following statements. If you say yes to any of them, you are at an increased risk for lung cancer. Each time you say yes, ask yourself if you’re doing all you can to control that particular risk factor. It may seem hard, but your efforts can have a big payoff in terms of your health and quality of life. Ask your doctors and your loved ones to help you think of ways that will help you succeed at lowering your risk for lung cancer.
Tobacco contains substances called carcinogens, which harm cells in your lungs. After a while, these damaged cells may turn into cancer. Each of these things makes the chance that you will develop lung cancer even higher:
The younger you were when you started smoking
The more years you continue to smoke
The more cigarettes you smoke a day
If you are a heavy smoker, your risk of developing cancer is 10 to 25 times higher than that of a nonsmoker. Some doctors think women who smoke or who are exposed to tobacco smoke are more likely to have lung cancer than men.
Some people believe that there is no reason to quit smoking because the damage has already been done. That’s not true. It’s true that anyone who has smoked has more of a risk of getting lung cancer than someone who has never smoked. Still, quitting smoking can reduce your risk for cancer. People who stop smoking before age 50 cut their risk of dying in the next 15 years in half compared with those who continue to smoke. And the longer you don’t smoke, the more your risk decreases. So it’s worth the effort to do all you can to become a nonsmoker.
I smoke cigars or a pipe.
Some people believe that smoking cigars or a pipe is not as bad for them as smoking cigarettes. But any kind of smoking increases your risk for lung cancer. If you smoke cigars or pipes, you have a higher risk of developing lung cancer than people who don’t smoke them. If you have smoked for a long time, you have an even higher chance of developing lung cancer. Your risk for lung cancer also depends on how much you smoke every day.
I am around a lot of smokers, so I am often exposed to secondhand smoke.
If you’re around smokers, you have a higher risk of getting lung cancer. Being around secondhand smoke is called involuntary, or passive, smoking. Secondhand smoke has nearly all the carcinogens as the smoke inhaled by smokers. Your risk for lung cancer is higher if you have spent many years being exposed to smoke.
I work in a mine or have high levels of radon in my home.
Radon is a gas that is found in soil and rocks. You can’t see, smell, or taste radon. Still, it can harm your lungs. People who work in mines have a higher risk of developing lung cancer. So do those who live in houses with radon. The amount of radon in your home depends upon ventilation and how far you are from the source. The only way to know how much radon is in your home is to have it tested and then take action if the level is high. To find a professional near you to test the radon level in your home, go to the EPA’s website, at www.epa.gov/iaq/whereyoulive.html. You can also talk with a radon specialist at 800-55-RADON (800-557-2366). To talk with a Spanish speaking specialist, call 800-SALUD-12 (800-725-8312). If you are around radon and you smoke, your risk for lung cancer is even greater, so you should do all you can to stop smoking.