Menopause Facts

Menopause is when estrogen and progesterone production, ovulation, and menstruation stop. It is a natural part of a woman's life. Learn more about menopause ›

Symptoms: Perimenopause

For most women, the symptoms of perimenopause subside after entering menopause.In the meantime, symptoms can be relieved to help you feel better. Leading a healthy lifestyle can keep you feeling your best. The tips below can help. Doing things you enjoy and spending time with people you love are great ways to keep your spirits up as your body goes through the changes of perimenopause..

  • What happens: As hormone levels go down, periods can become irregular and hard to predict. These changes are often the first sign of perimenopause.

  • What you can do: Keep pads or tampons on hand in case your period comes unexpectedly. You may also want to talk to your healthcare provider about taking birth control pills to help regulate your periods.

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Treatment: Hormone Replacement Therapy

The use of estrogen to supplement that which is no longer being produced by the body, and hormone therapy (HT), in which estrogen and progestin (a synthetic progesterone) are used in combination, have been the subject of great controversy over the years.

To learn more about women's health, and specifically hormone therapy, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) in 1991. The study consisted of clinical trials and an observational study, which together involved more than 161,808 generally healthy postmenopausal women.

The clinical trials were designed to test the effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy, diet modification, and calcium and vitamin D supplements on heart disease, fractures, and breast and colorectal cancer.

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Living with: Making It Through Menopause

Remember the day you got your first period? It was closely followed by the realization that you'd be dealing with about 40 years of possible cramps, bloating, and chocolate cravings every month. It took some adjusting. But eventually getting your period became a part of your life's routine. The same can be said of menopause. The time when your period stops for good requires an adjustment of your psyche and your body. But it's also a time you can be ready for if you know a bit more about what to expect. If you can make it through puberty, you can make it through menopause!

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Did You Know?

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The average age of a woman having her last period is age 51.