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Menopause Glossary

Terms used to explain Menopause can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Androgen

an*dro*gen
Pronunciation: \ˈan-drə-jən\


Function: noun
: a male sex hormone (as testosterone)

Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry

du*al energy X–ray absorptiometry
Pronunciation: \ˈd(y)ü-əl-\

Function: noun
: absorptiometry in which the density or mass of a material (as bone or fat) is measured by comparing the amounts of absorption by the material of x-radiation of two different energies generated by an X-ray tube and which is used esp. for determining bone mineral content abbr. DEXA,DXA

Endometrium

en*do*me*tri*um
Pronunciation: \-ˈmē-trē-əm\


Function: noun
pl -tria
Pronunciation: \-trē-ə\
: the mucous membrane lining the uterus that is composed of three layers see stratum basale stratum compactum stratum spongiosum

Estrogen

es*tro*gen
Pronunciation: \ˈes-trə-jən\


Function: noun
: any of various natural steroids (as estradiol) that are formed from androgen precursors, that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testes, and that stimulate the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system; also: any of various synthetic or semisynthetic steroids (as ethinyl estradiol) that mimic the physiological effect of natural estrogens

Follicle

fol*li*cle
Pronunciation: \ˈfäl-i-kəl\


Function: noun

1: a small anatomical cavity or deep narrow-mouthed depression; esp: a small simple or slightly branched gland : see: crypt
2: a small lymph node
3: a vesicle in the mammalian ovary that contains a developing egg surrounded by a covering of cells : see: ovarian follicle; esp: see: graafian follicle

Hot Flash

hot flash
Function: noun
: a sudden brief flushing and sensation of heat caused by dilation of skin capillaries usu. associated with menopausal endocrine imbalance —called also hot flush

Hysterectomy

hys*ter*ec*to*my
Pronunciation: \ˌhis-tə-ˈrek-tə-mē\


Function: noun
pl -mies
: surgical removal of the uterus see ovariohysterectomy panhysterectomy radical hysterectomy supracervical hysterectomy

Osteoporosis

os*teo*po*ro*sis

Function: noun
pl -ro*ses

: a condition that affects esp. older women and is characterized by decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlargement of bone spaces producing porosity and brittleness

Perimenopause

peri*men*o*pause
Pronunciation: \-ˈmen-ə-ˌpoz, -ˈmēn-\


Function: noun
: the period around the onset of menopause that is often marked by various physical signs (as hot flashes and menstrual irregularity)

Progestogen

pro*ges*to*gen
Function: noun
: a naturally occurring or synthetic progestational steroid

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator

selective estrogen receptor modulator
Function: noun
: any of a class of drugs (as raloxifene or tamoxifen) that bind with estrogen receptors and act as estrogen agonists in some tissues and estrogen antagonists in other tissues abbr. SERM

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© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

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Which of the following is one of the changes your may experience during menopause?