How Hormone Therapy Works

Hormone therapy increases your levels of estrogen and progesterone, and is the most effective treatment for hot flashes and vaginal discomfort. Learn the different ways to take hormones ›


  1. What is menopause? What causes it?

  2. What are common symptoms of menopause?

  3. What is hormone therapy?

  4. What are the risks and side effects of hormone therapy?

  5. What are other treatments for menopause?

  6. How will menopause affect my overall health? Is it true that menopause increases my risk of heart disease and osteoporosis?

  7. What should I do to stay healthy after menopause?

  8. Will menopause affect my sex life?

  9. When can I stop using birth control after menopause?

  10. I’m having a hard time dealing with the changes in my body. Can you refer me to someone who can help?

Learn more about treating Menopause

Test Your Menopause Knowledge

Hot flashes are a symptom before menopause occurs. What percent of women get them?

Common Hormone Therapy Programs For Women

Which hormones you take and when you take them is called your hormone therapy (HT) program, or regimen. Your program is tailored for you, based on certain factors. These factors include whether you have a uterus and what your risk of cancer is. Whether or not you have reached menopause is also a factor. Note that there are both risks and benefits to HT. Discuss these with your doctor before starting an HT program.

Woman sitting at table taking pill out of bottle.

You take estrogen all month and progestin about half the month. This method is based on a normal menstrual cycle. You will have some of the same symptoms, such as bleeding. This program helps reduce your risk of uterine cancer.

Learn more about hormone therapy programs

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Did You Know?

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Which of the following is one of the changes your may experience during menopause?