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Shingles Glossary

Terms used to explain Shingles can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.


Pronunciation: \ə-ˈkyüt\

Function: adjective

1: sensing or perceiving accurately, clearly, effectively, or sensitively <acute vision>
2 a: characterized by sharpness or severity <acute pain> <an acute infection>
b (1): having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course <an acute disease> <an acute inflammation> compare chronic 2a
(2): see: acute care<an acute hospital>
c: lasting a short time <acute experiments>


Pronunciation: \ˌal-ə-ˈdin-ē-ə\

Function: noun
: pain resulting from a stimulus (as a light touch of the skin) which would not normally provoke pain; also: a condition marked by allodynia


Pronunciation: \ˈblis-tər\

Function: noun

1: a fluid-filled elevation of the epidermis compare water blister
2: an agent that causes blistering


Pronunciation: \ˈdər-mə-ˌtōm\

Function: noun

1: an instrument for cutting skin for use in grafting
2: the lateral wall of a somite from which the dermis is produced

Herpes Zoster

herpes zos*ter
Pronunciation: \-ˈzäs-tər\

Function: noun
: see: shingles

Kidney Stone

kidney stone
Function: noun
: a calculus in the kidney —called also renal calculus

Nervous System

nervous system
Function: noun
: the bodily system that in vertebrates is made up of the brain and spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, and parts of the receptor organs and that receives and interprets stimuli and transmits impulses to the effector organs see autonomic nervous system central nervous system peripheral nervous system


Pronunciation: \ˈaut-ˌbrāk\

Function: noun

1: a sudden rise in the incidence of a disease <an outbreak of measles>
2: a sudden increase in numbers of a harmful organism and esp. an insect within a particular area <an outbreak of locusts>


Function: transitive verb
: to make suffer or cause distress tointransitive verb: to give or have a sensation of pain


Pronunciation: \sen-ˈsā-shən, sən-\

Function: noun

1 a: a mental process (as seeing, hearing, or smelling) due to immediate bodily stimulation often as distinguished from awareness of the process compare perception
b: awareness (as of heat or pain) due to stimulation of a sense organ
c: a state of consciousness of a kind usu. due to physical objects or internal bodily changes <a burning sensation in his chest>
2: something (as a physical object, sense-datum, pain, or afterimage) that causes or is the object of sensation


Pronunciation: \ˈzäs-tər\

Function: noun
: see: shingles

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